Buenos Aires Travel Information
The City of Buenos Aires is the capital of the Argentine Republic and is located in the southern hemisphere, latitude 34Âº 36â€™ and longitude 58Âº 26â€™. The city extends on a plain and has 202 square kilometers (78.3 sq miles). Approximately 3 million people live in this city. Including the metropolitan area, the total population of Buenos Aires is above ten millions, making it one of the 10 most populated urban centers in the world.
The RÃo de la Plata and the Riachuelo are the natural borders of the city on the east and south, respectively. The rest of the metropolitan perimeter is surrounded by the General Paz Avenue from north to west. This avenue provides a fast connection between the city and the Greater Buenos Aires, a densely populated area with important business and industrial activity.
The climate of Buenos Aires is mild all year round. The mean annual temperature is 18Âº C (64.4Âº F), making extremely hot and cold days very infrequent. Thus, visitors can enjoy walking around the city in any season.
July is the coldest month. Although frosts are rare, a woollen coat, a jacket or an overcoat and a scarf will be required when going out. In winter, cold is moderate during the day, but temperature considerably drops at night.
In summer, the weather is hot and humid. Mornings are warm and during midday and the first hours of the afternoon, the temperature rises. At night, temperature goes down slightly, so people may wear light clothes; coats are not needed.
Rains are more frequent in autumn and spring (from March to June and from September to December, respectively). They are mild or last a short time, thus activities are not hampered and people usually go out with an umbrella or a raincoat.
In the sunny days of autumn and spring, mornings are slightly cold; the temperature rises at midday and drops again at night.
Buenos Aires has always been an open-door city. Its inhabitants are called porteÃ±os, which makes reference to the fact that the city is a port. The inhabitant of the province of Buenos Aires is called bonaerense. PorteÃ±os are warm and hospitable: they usually invite tourists for lunch or dinner at their homes and prepare typical food. The characteristic infusion is the mate. It is prepared by pouring warm water into a gourd, also called mate that contains yerba mate. Some people add sugar, but most prefer "un amargo" (a mate without sugar).
The official language is Spanish. Something to note is the use of vos (you) instead of the Spanish tÃº for informal treatment, and the use of che to address a person.
â€œcheâ€: this expression is used to attract a personâ€™s attention and allows addressing someone without using his or her name: â€œChe, Â¿me podÃ©s decir la horaâ€ (Che, could you tell me the time?). It expresses familiarity.
The porteÃ±os easily understand persons who speak Italian and Portuguese. Most people involved in tourist activities speak English.
Argentina recognizes the freedom of worship. The official religion is that of the Roman Catholic Church, represented by an important number of churches. There are also other places of public worship, such as the Jewish central synagogue, the only site providing training to rabbis from all around the world, and the Mosque of Palermo neighborhood, the largest Islamic temple in Latin America.
Vaccination is neither obligatory nor necessary to visit Buenos Aires since the city is safe from the sanitary viewpoint. The public water supply is reliable. Public hospitals - available for tourists ï¿½ï¿½" offer a 24-hour emergency service, without charge.
Argentine physicians are considered excellent professionals worldwide. The ambulance emergency service (SAME) is also for free.