VaccinesThere are some "core" vaccines that are recommended for every dog. These include:
-Distemper: a virus that can cause vomiting, diarrhea, discharge from the eyes or nose, fever and respiratory signs. We used to see distemper rarely, but this virus is starting to become more common in the last few years.
-Parvovirus: a very common virus that causes severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea. It is often fatal.
-Adenovirus: (or hepatitis). Fortunately this virus is rarely seen, thanks to good vaccination protocols!
-Parainfluenza: can contribute to kennel cough.
-Coronavirus: causes diarrhea but it is usually very mild.
-Rabies: a very serious disease that is spread via a bite from an infected animal. This disease is always fatal and is transmissible to humans.
And then there are some vaccines that are given depending on the dog's risk level:
-Leptospirosis: a serious disease that a dog can get from drinking from a puddle where an animal such as a skunk, racoon, fox or badger has urinated. This disease can cause kidney failure and possibly liver failure too. It is contagious to people as well.
-Lyme disease: transmitted by ticks in certain parts of the world. It causes joint and muscle pain and sometimes a very serious kidney problem.
-Kennel Cough (Bordetella): causes a hacking cough. Most commonly spread where dogs are congregating and stressed such as a kennel or a dog show. But this can be spread via the air in any place. It is usually not life threatening.