Search Engine - A Brief History

As of this writing, there are five top Internet search engines: Google, Yahoo!, MSN, AOL, and, and while Google and Yahoo! get a lot of the press (particularly lately), the search engine is a rather interesting engine that deserves a closer look. This article will cover some of the highlights in its 12-year history, from its start as Ask Jeeves to its innovations, as well as the most recent developments behind the scenes.

The Beginning

In 1996, "Ask Jeeves" was founded by David Warthen, who had founded EyeGames - a children's video game company, and Garrett Gruener, a venture capitalist. At its start, the concept of the search engine was to allow searchers to type questions in natural language in order to get results, rather than to type in a random string of keywords (although that would work as well). The Jeeves character, based on the butler in the Jeeves and Wooster books by P.G. Wodehouse, was designed as the company's main identifier. (However, the company did not ask Wodehouse's estate for permission to use this character and legal action was threatened, though the issue was later settled for an undisclosed amount.[1]) Jeeves was phased out in 2006[2] in a humorous manner, with the engine saying he was retiring,[3] and the company was renamed simply and the search engine was reborn.

Ask3D and New Innovations

In June 2007, Ask, still one of the top Internet search engines, launched "Ask3D." Part of this new direction was to allow users to add "skins" - or customized images - to the search engine home page. The 3D offering also meant that results would be customized based on the user's search. This meant that, in a similar manner as Google's Universal Search concept, a user's search for a location would get not only pages about that location but also maps and details about it. If the user searched for music, he might also be able to listen to song clips or read news stories about the artist. In addition, the search engine included a preview feature for its search results. When available, users can click on an icon of binoculars next to a result and see a small screen capture of that page. Plus, a new toolbar was added to the left-hand side of the page, giving searchers options for narrowing down a search.


Ask isn't shy about going after its main competitors - Google and Yahoo!, two of the top Internet search engines. In early 2007, the company ran a series of ads, primarily in England, without identifying itself as the entity behind those ads. The ads touted an "Information Revolution" and declared that Internet users needed more choices - for a short time, users searching on the search engine for Google were given a link to - an anti-Google site sponsored by Ask.[4] This initiative was not well received,[5],[6] as it was seen as attacking the very users it sought to attract.

Also, in mid-2007, the search engine introduced "Ask Eraser."[7] This was's response to searchers' concerns about privacy and security breaches - a simple way to opt in and have one's searches erased automatically. The site explains it by saying, "When AskEraser is enabled, your search activity will ordinarily be deleted from the search engine servers within a number of hours."[8]
The concept is sound, but many bloggers[9] are not impressed.[10]

What's Going On Today

Today, Ask is searching - pun intended - for a new direction as it tries to keep its small piece of the search engine pie or regain its state of being at least one of the top Internet search engines. Layoffs are happening, although the company is holding onto Teoma, the technology that powers the engine,[11] and the company is looking to focus on a specific subsection of searchers (women, although the company isn't specifically saying this[12]) rather than to try to serve as a competitor to the other top Internet search engines, like Google and Yahoo!.

It remains to be seen whether or not the search engine can hold onto its existing niche and/or expand its search engine market share. The company seems to be working on finding a direction and a focus, but it just hasn't yet. I will update you in future articles as to what the status of is and whether or not it has managed to remain a key player in the industry.


 Â© Medium Blue 2008


About the Author


Scott Buresh is the founder of Medium Blue, a search engine optimization company.  His articles have appeared in numerous publications, including MarketingProfs, ZDNet, SiteProNews, WebProNews, DarwinMag,, and Search Engine Guide.  He was also a contributor to The Complete Guide to Google Advertising (Brown, 2008) and Building Your Business with Google For Dummies (Wiley, 2004).  Medium Blue has local and national clients, including Boston Scientific, DS Waters, and Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, and was named the number one organic search engine optimization company in the world in 2006 and 2007 by PromotionWorld.  Visit to request a custom SEO guarantee based on your goals and your data.








[8] Ibid