For the second consecutive year Sydney has been voted the world's best city by the international "Travel & Leisure Magazine". It scored an 87 per cent approval rating among travellers and tourist industry workers. It was ahead of Florence (83.3%), Rome (82.8%), and San Francisco (82.2%).
In 1901 the Sydney Harbour Trust resumed hundreds of properties in The Rocks and Millers Point. While public health was a convenient excuse for resumptions, the need for a harbour bridge may also have motivated the authorities. Green Bans in the 1970s on the redevelopment of The Rocks helped preserve this historic area which is now a major tourist attraction. The Rocks area has been under the control of the Sydney Cove Redevelopment Authority since 1970 and the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority since 1999.
Melbourne is the capital and largest city of the state of Victoria, and the second largest city in Australia, with a population of 3,366,542 (census 2001). The city's name is pronounced "MEL-buhn" . The city's motto is the Latin "Vires acquirit eundo" which means "we gather strength as we go". Melbourne has twice ranked first in a survey by The Economist of "The World's Most Livable Cities", once in 2002, and again in 2004.
Brisbane is the capital of Queensland, Australia. It has a population of over 1.6 million people and is Australia’s third largest city after Sydney and Melbourne. Queensland is Australia's second largest state, covering 1,722,000 km2 and the third most populous with more than 3,000,000 inhabitants - 17 per cent of the nation's people. It occupies 22.5 per cent of the continent in the north-east and has boundaries with New South Wales, South Australia and the Northern Territory. It is bounded by the Gulf of Carpentaria, Torres Strait and the Coral Sea in the north, and the South Pacific Ocean in the east. The total coastline is 7400 km.
Hobart is Australia's southernmost capital city. The fact that it is also the smallest is the key to its particular charm. A riverside city with a busy harbour, its mountain backdrop offers fine views over the beautiful Georgian buildings, numerous parks and compact suburbs below. The city's conservative and provincial reputation among some mainlanders is undeserved. Hobart town has a thriving arts and crafts scene and a real sense of history, and for walking, eating and just soaking in the atmosphere it can't be bettered.
The banks feature walking and cycling paths, in fact the Torrens River has a dedicated cycle and walking track that makes it possible to ride or walk from the North Eastern Suburbs all the way to Henley Beach. Adelaide in March is a month of great entertainment as it was host to "The Adelaide Festival of Arts" and "The Adelaide Fringe Festival" not to mention Womadelaide. There is also some racing car from the 18th to the 22nd of March in the form of "The Clipsal 500", a four day touring car race event, featuring a 500 kilometre race for modified fire belching V8 production cars around the streets and parklands of Adelaide on the world’s best street circuit.
It took a long time to decide on Darwin as the site for the region's centre, and even after the city was established, growth was slow and troubled. Early attempts to settle the Top End were mainly due to British fears that the French or Dutch might get a foothold in Australia. Between 1824 and 1829 Fort Dundas on Melville Island and Fort Wellington on the Coburg Peninsula, 200km (124mi) northeast of Darwin, were settled and then abandoned. By 1974, Darwin was a growing settlement with a population of 48,000 that was developing new suburbs. Early on Christmas morning of that year, Cyclone Tracy passed over Darwin, killing 69 people in six hours (including 16 at sea) and flattening the city.
The Australian Government took possession of land from New South Wales (NSW) in 1911 to form the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) as the site for the Australian national capital. That capital, Canberra, lies between Sydney, 307km north-east, and Melbourne 655km south-west. The majority of the population live and work in Canberra. A second territory, at Jervis Bay, was acquired from NSW in 1915. This transfer was in accordance with the Seat of Government Acceptance Act 1908 which stated that the seat of government (ACT) should have access to the sea. The Jervis Bay territory was to be that access.
WA's capital, Perth, is located on the western edge of the Australian continent. Summer starts in December and winter starts in June. Perth City is at the edge of the Swan River, which links via the Port/City of Fremantle, to the Indian Ocean. It is a lovely, vibrant city with a relaxed lifestyle. Perth and Western Australia boast some of the best beaches in the world and exciting fishing spots off the coast.
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